Gnaural is an opensource programmable auditory binaural-beat generator, implementing the principle as described in the October 1973 Scientific American article “Auditory Beats in the Brain” by Gerald Oster. The central theme of Oster’s article was that processing of binaural beats involves different neural pathways than conventional hearing. Research inspired by the article went on to show that among other things, binaural beats could be used to induce a “frequency-following response” (FFR) in brainwave activity. An early version of Gnaural called WinAural was even used for at least one such published study, “The Induced Rhythmic Oscillations of Neural Activity in the Human Brain”, D. Cvetkovic, D. Djuwari, I. Cosic (Australia), from Proceeding (417) Biomedical Engineering – 2004.
all the info in Gnaural website